Review of environmental impact assessment and monitoring in aquaculture in Asia-Pacific

Published Date: 

This review is prepared as part of the FAO Project “Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and monitoring in aquaculture”. The review provides a compilation, review and synthesis of existing EIA and environmental monitoring procedures and practices in aquaculture in the Asia-Pacific region, the largest aquaculture-producing region in the world. This review, as in other regions, gives special consideration to four areas related to EIA and monitoring in aquaculture including: (1) the requirements (2) the practice (3) the effectiveness and (4) suggestions for improvements.


Strategic Environmental Assessment in Korea

A powerpoint presentation from Young-Il Song of the Korea Environment Institute (KEI)

Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA)

  • Adopted in 1977 under the Environment Preservation Act
  • Currently, being enforced under the Act on Assessment of Impacts of Works on Environment, Traffic, Disaster, ETC
  • Applied to the development projects (17 Fields 63 Projects)

Preliminary Environmental Review System(PERS)


EIA Case Study of Wind Power Plant in Korea

Wind power plant as a renewable energy is getting popular, so there is social conflict on the site selection of wind power plant. As over 70% of Korea is composed of mountainous landscape, many wind power plants are proposed to be built on mountain ridge and are expected to cause serious environmental problems. The operating wind power plant and the proposed EIA cases of wind power plant show the examples of the expected environmental problems and social conflicts.


Korea Environmental Policy Bulletin: EIA in Korea

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Korea adopted the EIA system, which was then titled “prior consultations”, in 1977 with the enactment of the Environmental Conservation Act. It was then introduced in full scale in 1981 when the “Regulations on Preparing the EIA Report” were legislated. Over the past 25 years since being introduced, EIA has served as an effective program for protecting the environment while inciting awareness of environment-friendly development to development executors (institutions) as well as promoting the importance of environmental conservation to the public.


The environmental impact of the Hebei Spirit oil spill, Taean, South Korea

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When the fully laden VLCC HEBEI SPIRIT was struck on her port side by a crane barge in poor weather conditions on 7th December off the coast of the Republic of Korea, it quickly became apparent that the incident would be serious. Indeed, together with the SOLAR 1 in the Philippines in 2006, the TASMAN SPIRIT in Pakistan in 2003 and the PRESTIGE off Galicia in 2002, the HEBEI SPIRIT ranks as one of the largest tanker spills of recent years.


Method Development for the Integrated Impact Assessment in Korea: A Case Study for the Construction of Great Korean Waterway

Mega-project has great impact on the society as a whole. With a rapid transition toward industrialization, Korea has launched a series of mega-projects so far, including the construction of highway between Seoul and Pusan, the railroad construction for the KTX (Korea Train Express), the Saemangeum land reclamation project, and etc.


EIA: Korea

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Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to have all the people enjoy healthy and pleasant lives by preventing the environmental pollution and environmental damages and by properly managing and preserving environment through defining the right and duty of citizens and the obligation of the State with regard to environmental preservation, and determining the fundamental matters for environmental policies.

Article 2 (Fundamental Idea)
The fundamental idea of this Act is to have current citizens broadly enjoy environmental benefits and simultaneously to allow future generations inherit such benefits, by having the State, local governments, enterprisers and citizens endeavor to maintain and create a better environment, and when they perform any act utilizing the environment, to preferentially consider an environmental preservation and to devise the joint efforts for preventing any environmental harms on the earth, in view of facts that a creation of delightful environments through a qualitative improvement and preservation of the environment and a maintenance of harmony and balance between human beings and the environment through them are indispensable elements for the enjoyment of health and cultural life of citizens, the preservation of national territory, and the everlasting development of the nation.


Fourth High-Level Forum Develops Declaration on Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation

Date of Release: 
Dec 1 2011

The Fourth High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness adopted a declaration titled the "Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation." The Forum reviewed global progress on aid effectiveness, including a review of targets set in the 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, shared experiences in delivering the best results, and developed new commitments toward effectiveness of aid in reducing poverty, achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and supporting development beyond 2015.


Vietnam Prepares Draft Guidelines on Contaminated Soil Monitoring

Date of Release: 
Dec 2 2011

On November 29-30, 2011, Vietnam hosted a regional consultation meeting in Hanoi joined by counterpart officials from Korea, Malaysia and Thailand to share ideas on a draft technical guideline on contaminated soil monitoring. At the consultation meeting, experts shared lessons learned and recommendations based on implementation challenges and success in their respective countries. As for the next steps, Vietnam’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment will finalized the technical guidelines and explore opportunities to continue their twinning partnership with Korea.


Vietnam Develops New Technical Guideline on Contaminated Soil Monitoring

Vietnamese and Korean experts discussed status of dioxin contamination and collaborative efforts to rehabilitate contaminated soil at Da Nang air base during the scoping mission.


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