Ministry of Environment, Japan

The Ministry of Environment (MOE) of Japan was formed in 2001 from the former Environmental Agency established in 1971. MOE is responsible for government-wide environmental planning and policies under the Basic Environmental Law of 1993. 

MOEJ: Environmental Impact Assessment in Japan

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In Japan, a system on EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) was first introduced in 1972 for public works. The systems relating to port and harbor planning, reclamation, power plants and the Shinkansen (super-express train) were established later around 1980. In the course of implementing EIA under these systems, the need for an integrated system/standardized rule was recognized. Therefore the environmental impact assessment bill was proposed to the Diet in 1981 but failed to pass in 1983.  

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