Korea Environmental Policy Bulletin: EIA in Korea

Published Date: 
01/2004

Korea adopted the EIA system, which was then titled “prior consultations”, in 1977 with the enactment of the Environmental Conservation Act. It was then introduced in full scale in 1981 when the “Regulations on Preparing the EIA Report” were legislated. Over the past 25 years since being introduced, EIA has served as an effective program for protecting the environment while inciting awareness of environment-friendly development to development executors (institutions) as well as promoting the importance of environmental conservation to the public. However, apart from such achievements, EIA in Korea has come under criticism for becoming a measure to further validate development activities rather than a measure for environment conservation due to the systematic and operational problems.

This paper seeks to review the achievements and issues of EIA as practiced in Korea and to discuss directions for making improvements to the system.

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